What are the reasons for a stock dividend instead of a cash dividend?

On the payment date, dividend checks are mailed to the stockholders and the payment of the dividend is recorded. Companies are frequently constrained by agreements with lenders to pay dividends only from retained earnings. Treasury stock is a corporation’s own stock that has been issued, fully paid for, reacquired by the corporation and held in its treasury for future use. The issuance of common stock affects only paid-in capital accounts.

What are the reasons for a stock dividend instead of a cash dividend?

This ratio shows how many dollars of net income were earned for each dollar invested by common stockholders. However, a stock split results in a reduction in the par or stated value per share.


The investor’s financial position has not improved; she has gained nothing as a result of this stock dividend. To illustrate, assume that the Red Company reports net assets of $5 million.

Since a stock dividend distributable is not to be paid with assets, it is not a liability. Like cash dividends, stock dividends tend to affect a company’s stock price. While the overall value of the company remains the same, stock dividends increase the number of shares that exist, resulting in a slightly diluted stock price. For example, if a company with a market capitalization of $1 billion and 10 million outstanding shares issued a 10% stock dividend, it would increase the number of shares that exist by 1 million shares. That would mean the price of the stock would tick down by roughly 10% because there are 10% more shares in existence.

Impacts Of Stock Dividends

The effect of a dividend payment on share price is an important reason why it can sometimes be desirable to exercise an What are the reasons for a stock dividend instead of a cash dividend? American option early. The dividend frequency describes the number of dividend payments within a single business year.

Recording small stock dividends A stock dividend of less than 20 to 25% of the outstanding shares is a small stock dividend and has little effect on the market value of the shares. Thus, the firm accounts for the dividend at the current market value of the outstanding shares.

Dividend Payout Ratio

If the company issues a 50% stock dividend, this increases the number of shares outstanding to 15 million shares. The board will now have to authorize more shares before the company can issue any additional stock. Ex-dividend date — the day on which shares bought and sold no longer come attached with the right to be paid the most recently declared dividend. In the United States and many European countries, it is typically one trading day before the record date.

What are the reasons for a stock dividend instead of a cash dividend?

Therefore, co-op dividends are often treated as pre-tax expenses. In other words, local tax or accounting rules may treat a dividend as a form of customer rebate or a staff bonus to be deducted from turnover before profit is calculated. Record date — shareholders registered in the company’s record as of the record date will be paid the dividend, while shareholders who are not registered as of this date will not receive the dividend. Registration in most countries is essentially automatic for shares purchased before the ex-dividend date.

Why Stock Dividends Are Issued

This is an important date for any company that has many shareholders, including those that trade on exchanges, to enable reconciliation of who is entitled to be paid the dividend. Existing shareholders will receive the dividend even if they sell the shares on or after that date, whereas anyone who bought the shares will not receive the dividend.

The retained earnings section of the balance sheet reflects the total amount of profit a company has retained over time. After the business accounts for all its costs and expenses, the amount of revenue that remains at the end of the fiscal year is its net profit. Stockholder equity also represents the value of a company that could be distributed to shareholders in the event of bankruptcy. If the business closes shop, liquidates all its assets, and pays off all its debts, stockholder equity is what remains. It can most easily be thought of as a company’s total assets minus its total liabilities. A dividend is a distribution of earnings, often quarterly, by a company to its shareholders in the form of cash or stock reinvestment.

Distributing A Stock Dividend

Because par value has no relationship with market value and in most cases is an immaterial amount, today many states do not require a par value. Ownership rights are specified in the articles of incorporation or in the by-laws. A corporation must obtain from each state in which it does business a license that subjects the corporation’s operating activities to the general corporation laws of the state. Although a corporation may have operating divisions in a number of states, it is incorporated in only one state. Prompt a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the corporate form of organization. Creditors have no legal claim on personal assets of owners unless fraud has occurred.

Some companies have dividend reinvestment plans, or DRIPs, not to be confused with scrips. DRIPs allow shareholders to use dividends to systematically buy small amounts of stock, usually with no commission and sometimes at a slight discount. In some cases, the shareholder might not need to pay taxes on these re-invested dividends, but in most cases they do. The stock dividend will always lead to falling in share market price which might not be well understood by certain investors.

Shareholders end up owning more shares at a lower price per share. Assume company ABC has a particularly lucrative year and decides to issue a $1.50 dividend to its shareholders. This means for each share owned, the company pays $1.50 in dividends. If ABC has 1 million shares of stock outstanding, it must pay out $1.5 million in dividends. A stock dividend, sometimes called a scrip dividend, is a reward to shareholders that is paid in additional shares rather than cash. For example, if a company were to issue a 5% stock dividend, it would increase the number of shares by 5% . If there are one million shares in a company, this would translate into an additional 50,000 shares.

Dividend Policy

Shares trading ex-dividend refers to shares that no longer carry the right to the next dividend payment. Theex-dividend date https://accountingcoaching.online/ is the first date that a share trades without (i.e., “ex”) this right to receive the declared dividend for the period.

Both shareholders and the companies that are repurchasing the shares can be negatively affected. DRIPs help shareholders reinvest their dividends in the underlying stock without having to wait for enough money to buy a whole number of shares. In most companies, a part of the profit is kept as retained earnings and the remaining is distributed to the shareholders. For example, let’s say that a company issues a dividend of $100 million with 200 million shares outstanding on an annualized basis.

When the company releases the dividends in the form of cash, then the dividend amount goes directly to the bank account of the shareholders. For tax purposes, as per the regulations, these are treated as income and are subject to taxability as per the applicable slab of the individuals/entities. Whereas, in the case of stock dividends, no cash release happens.

Key Dates Of Dividend Issuances

Whether a cash dividend or a stock dividend is better depends on the shareholder and their financial profile. If an individual is dependent on an income stream, then a cash dividend would be a better option. On the other hand, if a shareholder is not in need of cash right away, a stock dividend is a better option as it allows for further investment in a company that can balloon into bigger payouts in the future. The net effect of the stock dividend is simply an increase in the paid-in capital sub-account and a reduction of retained earnings. The effect of dividends on stockholders’ equity is dictated by the type of dividend issued.

Unit 14: Stockholders Equity, Earnings And Dividends

A stock dividend can be the economic equivalent of a stock split. 1As can be seen in this press release, the terms “stock dividend” and “stock split” have come to be virtually interchangeable to the public. However, minor legal differences do exist that actually impact reporting. Par value is changed to create a stock split but not for a stock dividend. Interestingly, stock splits have no reportable impact on financial statements but stock dividends do. Therefore, only stock dividends will be described in this textbook.